Transit network design with allocation of green vehicles: A genetic algorithm approach

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

infrastructure - vehicle, infrastructure - fleet management, planning - methods, planning - network design, planning - route design, ridership - commuting, organisation - management, mode - mass transit


Zero emission vehicles, Transit, Routes and routing, Resource allocation, Public transit, Networks, Mass transit, Local transit, Heuristic methods, Genetic algorithms, Fleet management, Design


The use of fossil fuels in transportation generates harmful emissions that accounts for nearly half of the total pollutants in urban areas. Dealing with this issue, local authorities are dedicating specific efforts to seize the opportunity offered by new fuels and technological innovations in achieving a cleaner urban mobility. In fact, authorities are improving environmental performances of their public transport fleet by procuring cleaner vehicles, usually called low and zero emission vehicles (LEV and ZEV, respectively). Nevertheless there seems to be a lack of methodologies for supporting stakeholders in decisions related to the introduction of green vehicles, whose allocation should be performed since the network design process in order to optimize their available green capacity. In this paper, the problem of clean vehicle allocation in an existing public fleet is faced by introducing a method for solving the transit network design problem in a multimodal, demand elastic urban context dealing with the impacts deriving from transportation emissions. The solving procedure consists of a set of heuristics which includes a routine for route generation and a genetic algorithm for finding a sub-optimal set of routes with the associated frequencies.


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