Dynamic stochastic transit assignment with explicit seat allocation model

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

planning - methods


Transit assignment models, Stochastic model, Standing passengers, Seat availability, Seat allocation problem, Probability, Passenger comfort, Dynamic models, Discomfort, Algorithms


This paper proposes a stochastic dynamic transit assignment model with an explicit seat allocation process. The model is applicable to a general transit network. A seat allocation model is proposed to estimate the probability of a passenger waiting at a station or on-board to get a seat. The explicit seating model allows a better differentiation of in-vehicle discomfort experienced by sitting and standing passengers. The paper proposes simulation procedures for calculating the sitting probability of each type of passenger. A heuristic solution algorithm for finding an equilibrium solution of the proposed model is developed and tested. The numerical tests show significant influences of the seat allocation model on equilibrium departure time and route choices of passengers. The proposed model is also applied to evaluate the effects of an advanced public transport information system (APTIS) on travellers' decision-making.


Transportation Research Part B Home Page: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/01912615