An integrated sea-land transportation system model and its theory


Xinlian Xie

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

infrastructure - track, technology - intelligent transport systems


Trestles, Train ferries, Theory, Theories, Theoretical analysis, Roll on roll off ships, Ro/ro ships, Mathematical models, Intermodal transportation, Intermodal systems, Freight transportation, Flexible track, Double track, Bottlenecks


To enhance the efficiency of intermodal transportation for large quantities of goods, the current sea-land transportation system has been reviewed and systematically analyzed, and a bottleneck is pinpointed in the linkage or goods transfer between the waterway and railway. The bottleneck impacts the efficiency of the goods through transportation combining the two modes. To eliminate the existing bottleneck and inefficiency towards intermodality, a new type of flexible double-rail track has recently been invented together with innovations both in trestle bridges and in train ferries. The outcomes of the research in progress show that the flexible double-rail track is feasible from the viewpoints of both geometry and engineering mechanics, it can be used to improve the compatibility of a trestle bridge with various types of train ferries and hence it can support the development of train ferries on a large scale. Based on the innovations, an integrated sea-land transportation system model is proposed as a systematic solution, which is expected to effectively overcome the existing bottleneck and to enhance the efficiency of the whole sea-land combined transportation. Further research on this system model and its major components is also addressed in the paper.


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