Efficiency analysis of public transport systems: Lessons for institutional planning

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

land use - planning, organisation - management, mode - mass transit


Transit, Tariffs, Recife (Brazil), Public transit, Planning, Operational efficiency, Mass transit, Management, Local transit, Institutional issues, Freight tariffs, Efficiency analysis, Costs


The transport system of the Recife Metropolitan Area is under change. As a subsidy to its change an efficiency analysis is done with the purpose of highlighting characteristics of the efficient systems. Twelve transport systems from several countries in Europe and seven from Brazil are analyzed: nine from Europe and only one from Brazil were found efficient. These systems are characterized by very different power structures and tariff structures. Efficient ones adopted a more democratic power partition among communalities and established a more broad system of tariffs. Among other lessons it is suggested that RMR adopt a structure that allows a more equal partition of the several municipalities comprising the Metro Area including representatives of users groups like workers associations and syndicates. Also it should adopt a more flexible tariff systems giving advantages to usual users at the same time that decreases costs and improves the operational efficiency.


Transportation Research Part A Home Page: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/09658564