Built Environment and Pedestrian Behavior at Rail Rapid Transit Stations in Bangkok

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

infrastructure - station, policy - environment, mode - rail, mode - pedestrian, mode - pedestrian


Walking, Variance analysis, Trip length, Travel distance, Travel behavior, Regression analysis, Regression, Rail transit stations, Rail transit, Pedestrians, Origin and destination, O&D, Built environment, Bangkok (Thailand), Analysis of variance


This study of elevated and underground rail systems in Bangkok identifies relationships between the built environment and pedestrian behavior surrounding rail transit stations. Based on details of 1,520 pedestrian egress trips from three elevated and three underground stations in 2006, multiple regression and analysis of variance revealed that types of pedestrian destinations, reflecting land uses, were related to length of walking egress trips. Trips to shopping centers and office buildings were longer, while trips to eating places were shorter. The most common type of pedestrian trip recorded was to another vehicle. Trips to automobile taxis and motorcycle taxis figured prominently. These findings indicate the need for better design of facilities such as intermodal transfer terminals to reduce the need to walk to other transit modes.