The Influence of Built Environment to the Trends in Commuting Journeys in the Netherlands

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

planning - surveys, land use - urban design, ridership - commuting, policy - environment, place - urban


Urban design, Trip length, Trend (Statistics), Travel time, Travel surveys, Travel distance, Travel behavior, Regression analysis, Regression, Netherlands, Mode share, Modal split, Journey time, Commuting, Commuters, Choice models, Built environment, Accessibility


This paper uses data from the Dutch National Travel Survey to describe commuting trends in the Netherlands over the past decade. It also examines the influence of urban form and travel accessibility on commuting journeys over time. Exploratory analysis is performed to identify changes in commuting participation, departure time, commuting time, commuting distance and the modal split. Regression analysis and choice models are used to examine the influence of the built environment on commuting parameters. The results indicate that urban form has consistently influenced the parameters of the commuting journey in the Netherlands over the past decade. The trend of the influence is unique for each commuting mode, with some influences becoming stronger over time while others have become less significant.