Innovative Public Transport Oriented Policies in Seoul

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

infrastructure - stop, land use - planning, ridership - mode choice, policy - fares, policy - parking, economics - pricing, organisation - regulation, place - urban, mode - bus, mode - mass transit, mode - bus rapid transit


Value pricing (Road pricing), Urban transportation policy, Transportation planning, Transportation modes, Transit, Skip stops (Bus transit), Seoul (Korea), Road pricing, Public transit, Policy making, Policy analysis, Parking regulations, Modes, Mode choice, Modal choice, Mass transit, Local transit, Limited access highways, Fares, Expressways, Express highways, Choice of transportation, Case studies, Bus rapid transit, Automobile use, Automobile usage, Automobile travel


Due to rapidly increasing population in the Seoul metropolitan area (SMA), there is an urgent need to introduce transportation policies that emphasize the use of public transportation while managing the demand for private transportation modes. This paper describes the innovative transport policies of Seoul that should break the vicious circle of car and public transport use as described by the Downs and Thomson and Edgeworth paradoxes. Policies that encourage public transportation include a bus management system, a bus rapid transit system, skip stop systems in subways, and new fare systems. The elimination of an urban expressway, tunnel pricing and a parking policy are policies designed to restrain car use in the SMA.