Planning and Evaluation of Passenger Ferry Service in Hong Kong


Avishai Ceder

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

planning - network design, planning - route design, land use - planning, ridership - commuting, economics - appraisal/evaluation, organisation - competition, mode - mass transit, mode - ferry


Transportation modes, Transit, Routes and routing, Public transit, Planning, Passenger service, Network design, Multiobjective framework, Modes, Mass transit, Local transit, Level of service, Hong Kong (China), Ferry service, Ferries, Evaluation, Competition


Patronage of Hong Kong's ferry service has been steadily decreasing over the past 20 years due to poor level-of-service and better competitors. This paper describes a planning approach combined with an evaluation procedure for making the best use of existing water and pier resources to improve public transit through the provision of commercially viable ferry services. This approach covers the impact of future developments planned up to 2006 comprising all public transport modes in Hong Kong. The planning tool is based on a newly developed multi-objective evaluation method in order to assess the ferry routes with scientific, practical, and simplified analyses for future use. This assessment is applied to the existing ferry routes and candidate routes and can also be carried out on an individual route basis or on a given set of routes. The objective functions set forth analytically in the evaluation method take into account the interests of passengers, operators and the government. The ferry network design formulation and the suggested new ferry routes derived from this approach should have a positive impact on Hong Kong's ferry service.