Deregulation in Polish Rail Transport

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

ridership - commuting, economics - appraisal/evaluation, organisation - regulation, mode - rail


Transportation industry, Transportation economics, Transportation, Transport economics, Transport, Sociology, Regulatory policy, Railroad transportation, Rail transportation, Policy, Policies, Poland, Networks, Legislative support, Legislation, Government policy, Evaluation, Economics, Deregulation


A phenomenon new to the Polish situation—the deregulation of rail transport—is presented. Despite its primarily legal nature, deregulation also implies various economic, socio-political and spatial consequences. The relatively short period over which partial deregulation of public transport in Poland has been in effect (i.e. since 2000) ensures that the issue has not been taken up by Polish geographers as a research field. However, it has been of interest to Polish economists. Deregulation is a phenomenon of primary importance, with direct implications for the character, quality, type, intensity and spatial differentiation of transport (including freight and passenger traffic) within the market economy. This paper, therefore, presents the impact of the recent changes in the legal system (as regards deregulation) on the current pattern of railway connections of the major carriers. As the majority of these originate beyond the Polskie Koleje Pastwowe (Polish State Railways) Group, they can be said to be independent of the main former state carrier.