PUBLIC TRANSPORT PROVISION IN SPARSELY POPULATED ARID AREAS
land use - planning, mode - mass transit
Transportation planning, Transportation industry, Transportation, Transport, Transit, Regional transportation, Public transit, Needs assessment, Mass transit, Local transit, Israel, Intrastate transportation, Climate, Arid region, Arid land
Arid areas are characterized by dispersed patterns of population and economic activities in a hot and dry environment. Although basic human needs are identical everywhere, patterns of travel behaviour in arid lands are different from the patterns in more humid areas. The different behavioural patterns imply somewhat different demand patterns for transport services in general and transit services in particular. Good access to the scattered small communities and more so to the remote urban centres is of prime concern in the sparsely populated arid areas. And the demand patterns themselves raise the need to develop unusual types of service based on local conditions. This article presents the effects of the arid spatial and climatic conditions on transit demand and supply. After examining the service standards required in the sparselands and using the Israeli Negev region as an example, guidelines for developing regional transit systems in these arid areas are put forward.
Stern, E. (1987). PUBLIC TRANSPORT PROVISION IN SPARSELY POPULATED ARID AREAS. Transport Reviews, Volume 7, Issue 1, p. 66-81.