Efficient Bus Operational Parking Model

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

operations - capacity, operations - scheduling, infrastructure - stop, infrastructure - bus/tram lane, infrastructure - bus/tram lane, planning - route design, policy - parking, place - urban, mode - bus


Urban transit, Stop (Public transportation), Schedules and scheduling, Route (Itinerary), Parking capacity, Parking, Mathematical models, Lane blocking, Itinerary, Departure time, Deadheading, Case studies, Bus transit operations, Bus stops, Bus lanes, Arrivals and departures


One of the operational problems for urban transit, especially with buses, occurs when vehicles need to park at route departure, controlled, or holding stops located on street; however, because of a lack of parking spaces, buses block the traffic lane adjacent to the parking bay or lane. A scheduling-based solution to this problem consists of two parts. First, a scheduling-based design tool describes the changes in operational parking spaces available at route departure points; this is called the surplus function and is based on the known deficit function. Second, with the developed model, efficient procedures are built for eliminating or reducing the impact of lane-blocked situations, by shifting departure times or by inserting deadheading trips in the timetables.