Assessing the impact of integrated traus modal urban transport pricing on modal split
economics - pricing, place - urban
There is increasing interest in the use of pricing measures to improve the efficiency of urban transport systems. In particular, pricing is often seen as a key element in strategies designed to bring about changes in modal split, encouraging the use of public transport while attempting to restrain use of the private car. The European Commission, as part of the Urban Transport sub-programme of the 4 the Framework Transport Programme (Pricing and Financing Section), has funded Project TransPrice (Trans-Modal Integrated Urban Transport Pricing for Optimum Modal Split) which aims to address the issue of integrated trans-modal transport pricing, towards achieving optimum modal split and relieving congestion in urban areas. This paper reports the results of travel behaviour research and simulation modelling for a series of alternative trans-modal pricing and integrated payment scenarios, drawing from work carded out in eight European cities. The range of pricing measures considered covers road use charging (including cordon pricing, area licensing and expressway tolls), public transport fares and parking charges. The broader strategies involve the introduction of integrated transport payment systems (including smart card technology) and enhanced travel conditions for those changing mode (including park- and-ride, public transport priorities and HOV lanes).
Ghali, M., & Milne, D., & Vougioukas, M., & Pursula, M., & Keranem, M., & Daleno, M. (1997). Assessing the impact of integrated traus modal urban transport pricing on modal split. Paper from The Association for European Transport Conference held on 1 January 1997.