Guidelines for Enhancing Suburban Mobility Using Public Transportation

Document Type


Publication Date


Subject Area

planning - route design, ridership - demand, place - urban, place - low density, mode - bus


Bus transit, Case studies, Demand responsive transportation, Express buses, Improvements, Mobility, Route deviation, Shuttle buses, Subscription buses, Suburbs, Transit centers Vanpools


These guidelines identify, assess, and document the current practices that transit operators use to enhance their bus networks to better serve suburban travel needs. Taking into consideration the range of environments implied by the term "suburb," the guidelines identify six types of suburban environments and the applicability of individual types of transit service to each. The guidelines provide information on modifications and improvements to the overall suburban transit framework, and information on support and complementary services to public transportation. There is discussion on transit center-based networks, express bus services, limited-stop routes, local area circulators, shuttle links, subscription buses, and vanpools. Operating techniques such as route deviation, point deviation, and demand-response services are also discussed. Included in the guidelines are 11 case studies. Using the information gathered from the case studies, the guidelines discuss each type of service, covering its description, applicability, performance range, and conditions of effectiveness. The intended audience includes transit planners, general managers, and project managers; transportation policy makers; and city and regional planners.


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