Transit Pricing and Fares - Traveler Response to Transportation System Changes

Document Type


Publication Date


Subject Area

policy - fares, economics - pricing, place - urban, mode - bus, mode - rail


bus transit, fares, free fares, pricing, public transit, rail transit, ridership, urban areas


TRB’s Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP) Report 95: Chapter 12 – Transit Pricing and Fares examines transit ridership response to fare changes as applied to conventional urban area bus and rail transit services. Topics covered include changes in general fare level, changes in fare structure including relationships among fare categories, and free transit. This report is part of TCRP’s Traveler Response to Transportation System Changes Handbook series. The overarching objective of the Traveler Response to Transportation System Changes Handbook is to equip members of the transportation profession with a comprehensive, readily accessible, interpretive documentation of results and experience obtained across the United States and elsewhere from (1) different types of transportation system changes and policy actions and (2) alternative land use and site development design approaches. This is the ninth of 19 chapters expected to be published in this series.


Permission to link to this report given by TRB.