Estimation of Travel Time Values for Urban Public Transport Passengers Based on SP Survey

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - asia, economics - value of time, economics - benefits, economics - willingness to pay


urban traffic, public transit, stated preference (SP) survey, travel time value, scenario design


Quantitative study on the travel costs of urban transit passengers has great significance for scientifically evaluating social benefits of public transportation system. Analysis of travel time values is one of the most important parts of traveler's travel cost estimation. According to the stated preference (SP) survey data for Beijing residents, factors that influence public transport values of travel time are analyzed and a Logit-based model is used. An improved SP survey based model is proposed, in which traveler's income is introduced as a variable. The parameters estimating the travel time values under the trip purposes of work/business and leisure are calibrated. Then the values of travel time under different conditions in Beijing are obtained (i.e. different trip purposes and with/without transferring). The results indicate that the travel time values for work are generally higher than those for leisure. The waiting time values are higher than transferring time values and in-vehicle time values under any circumstances, and the waiting time values are higher with transferring than those without transferring.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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