Use of the analytic hierarchy process to evaluate transit fare system

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - asia, place - europe, place - north america, place - oceania, place - south america, planning - integration, planning - surveys, policy - fares


Pricing strategies, Transportation planning, Fare system


The transportation fare system influences the mobility of a region and the life quality of its inhabitants. This study aims to evaluate a region's optimal fare system by using the analytic hierarchy process, based on a survey among transportation experts, divided into three categories: operators, professors/consultants and government officials. The results are presented divided by category and overall, and the performance of the most important relative criteria to establish a fare system is determined. The most important criterion according to all the selected experts was the fare price, with 21.5%. The fare system determined as the best was distance/zone (31.1%) and the worst was a flat fare system (7.2%). In addition, we show the influence of the fare price criterion in each fare system through sensitivity charts and highlight its importance for all three groups of experts to evaluate the fare system.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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