Hybrid steering cultures in the governance of public transport: A successful way to meet demands?


Lisa Hansson

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

planning - environmental impact, organisation - governance, place - europe, planning - safety/accidents


Governance, Public transport, Steering models, Metagovernance


This paper concerns steering aspects in the governance context of public transport. Various theoretical views of steering have been presented over the years, and it has been argued that a multiple-principal context often leads to fragmented steering. The paper aims to identify steering culture models found among principals operating in the same public transport context, and to explain how a successful procurement outcome is possible, despite the hybrid of steering cultures. The paper is based on an empirical analysis of a Swedish county's planning process that resulted in a very successful procurement outcome that met high environmental and safety standards at a relatively low cost. This procurement was seen as a triumph by principals. The findings presents the existence of various steering cultures among the principals, leading to the conclusion that a “metagovernor,” in this case the PTA, is central to achieving successful outcomes. The metagovernor designed the planning process and formulated a procurement document that satisfied the principals. In this process, the metagovernor negotiated separately with each principal, focusing on the particular characteristics of each principal.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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