A Guide for Implementing Bus On Shoulder (BOS) Systems

Document Type


Publication Date


Subject Area

mode - bus, place - north america, infrastructure - bus/tram lane


Bus on shoulder operations, Bus transit operations, Case studies, Decision making, Guidelines, Implementation, Planning, Road shoulders


This report provides guidelines for the planning, design, and implementation of Bus On Shoulder (BOS) operations along urban freeways and major arterials. Making BOS a reality requires a closely coordinated partnership effort involving transit agencies, state departments of transportation (DOTs), metropolitan planning organizations (MPOs), enforcement agencies, and the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). The report should be useful as a decision-making guide to assist transit operators, state DOTs, MPOs, and other stakeholders in assessing the feasibility of the BOS concept, developing safe and effective BOS plans, implementing initial BOS operations, and maintaining or expanding ongoing BOS operations. This guide includes seven case studies in the following cities: Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota; Miami-Dade, Florida; San Diego, California; Old Bridge, New Jersey; Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; Columbus, Ohio; and Atlanta, Georgia.


Permission to publish the abstract and link to the article has been given by Transportation Research Board, Washington, copyright remains with them.