An Optimization Procedure to Design a Minibus Feeder Service: An Application to the Sintra Rail Line

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

mode - bus, mode - rail, place - europe, operations - scheduling, infrastructure - stop


Mixed integer linear program, rail feeder service, optimisation


This paper presents the formulation of a heuristic encompassing a mixed integer linear program to model the synchronisation between a minibus feeder service and a mass transit system. Our formulation is divided into three main steps: the establishment of stops, scheduling and the fleet dimensioning.

This model was tested in a dense suburban area around a communting rail line in the Lisbon Metropolitan Area. The results show a high potential of the tested service to feed the suburban rail service with gains for the passengers and the establishment of an economically self-sustainable service.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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