Lifting Scheme Theory to Detect Road Surface Waveform Influencing Vehicle Vibration

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

infrastructure - vehicle, mode - rail


Wheel rail interaction, Wavelets, Waveform analysis, Wave analysis, Vibration, Vehicles, Unevenness, Tyres, Tires, Tire pavement interface, Theory, Theories, Theoretical analysis, Surface roughness, Surface course (Pavements), Rubber tires, Roughness, Rolling contact, Roads, Road surfaces, Ride quality, Blanket course


Vehicle vibration is caused by road roughness. When wavelength and amplitude are at the same level and the road surface waveform is different, the vibration waveform can also be different. When vehicle–road interaction is strictly analyzed, it is necessary to divide the vehicle vibration data according to the type of road surface waveform. The lifting scheme theory, which is based on the wavelet transform, was used to consider the road surface waveform detection method, which is influenced by the unsprung mass vibration of a vehicle. The basis function used optimizes the shape corresponding to the analysis purpose, based on the spline function. This method can accurately monitor the unsprung mass vibration of a “convex” type waveform of high magnitude.