Innovations for sustainable public transport: experiences and challenges in the Scandinavian countries.

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land use - planning, operations - coordination, place - europe, policy - sustainable


Institutional conditions, coordination, land-use and transport planning, Scandinavia.


The aim of the project has been to analyse institutional and planning conditions for public transport in

the Scandinavian countries from a comparative perspective, looking at the county of Skåne (Sweden) and

the municipalities of Aarhus (Denmark) and Trondheim (Norway). The report considers qualitative casestudies

of public transport in Skåne, Aarhus, and Trondheim, and uses an empirical material consisting of

written material and interviews. It concludes that:

(i) new forms of coordination between organizations and policy areas are called for in a number of

critical areas, if public transport is to contribute effectively to the development of an efficient and

sustainable transport system (for example, forms for the coordination of public transport, land use, and

infrastructure planning);

(ii) public transport must not be seen as an end in itself, or as merely a technical transport system;

(iii) the successful pursuit of public-transport innovations relies upon complex, interwoven stories and

arguments that persuade diverse actors and organizations to collaborate and act on their shared meanings;


(iiii) there is a need to challenge the planning myths used to mobilize support for land-use and trafficsystem

developments that undermine the long-term competitiveness of public transport.


Permission to link to this report has been given by VTI.