The influence of attitudes on Transit-Oriented Development: An explorative analysis

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

land use - transit oriented development, land use - urban density, land use - urban sprawl, infrastructure - stop, ridership - attitudes, ridership - behaviour, ridership - mode choice


Transit-Oriented Development, Residential self-selection, Travel behaviour, Travel mode choice, Travel-related attitudes


Transit-Oriented Development (TOD), where compact, mixed-use neighbourhoods are being realized around existing or new public transit stops, is a promising tool to restrict urban sprawl and stimulate sustainable travel modes. However, TODs are not always as easy to implement at every location. In high-density city centres a TOD is relatively easy to implement, since density and diversity are already high and most residents have a positive stance toward car alternatives due to self-selection processes. In more low-density suburbs, however, the situation is more difficult. There is not only the problem of adapting the built environment, but also the problem that most initial residents have a preference for car use, since they chose their neighbourhood based on the physical characteristics of the initial neighbourhood. In this viewpoint we will look at how travel-related attitudes and residential self-selection can affect the success rate of TODs in three different situations. It seems that taking into account attitudes is especially important for the realization of TODs in low-density neighbourhoods.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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