The influence of attitudes on Transit-Oriented Development: An explorative analysis
land use - transit oriented development, land use - urban density, land use - urban sprawl, infrastructure - stop, ridership - attitudes, ridership - behaviour, ridership - mode choice
Transit-Oriented Development, Residential self-selection, Travel behaviour, Travel mode choice, Travel-related attitudes
Transit-Oriented Development (TOD), where compact, mixed-use neighbourhoods are being realized around existing or new public transit stops, is a promising tool to restrict urban sprawl and stimulate sustainable travel modes. However, TODs are not always as easy to implement at every location. In high-density city centres a TOD is relatively easy to implement, since density and diversity are already high and most residents have a positive stance toward car alternatives due to self-selection processes. In more low-density suburbs, however, the situation is more difficult. There is not only the problem of adapting the built environment, but also the problem that most initial residents have a preference for car use, since they chose their neighbourhood based on the physical characteristics of the initial neighbourhood. In this viewpoint we will look at how travel-related attitudes and residential self-selection can affect the success rate of TODs in three different situations. It seems that taking into account attitudes is especially important for the realization of TODs in low-density neighbourhoods.
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De Vos, J., Van Acker, V. & Witlox, F. (2014). The influence of attitudes on Transit-Oriented Development: An explorative analysis. Transport Policy, Available online 15 May 2014. In Press, Corrected Proof.