Evaluating the impact of organizational patterns on the efficiency of urban rail transit systems in China

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

mode - rail, place - asia, place - urban, organisation - governance, organisation - privatisation, economics - appraisal/evaluation


Urban Rail Transit system (URTs), Organizational patterns, Slacks-based Multi-stage Network Data Envelopment Analysis (SM-NDEA)


Over the past few decades, to help alleviate surface road congestion and protect environment, the enthusiasm for constructing Urban Rail Transit systems (URTs) is booming in many megacities of China. Owning to the distinct characteristics, the URTs in different Chinese cities exhibit different organizational patterns, which can be classified into three models (i.e., Publicly owned-operated model, Contemporary commercialization model and Innovative privatization model). The application of the proposed SM-NDEA model indicates the average overall efficiency of Chinese URT systems is relatively low, which is more influenced by the financial and construction inefficiencies than the production and consumption inefficiencies. The detailed comparisons among three organizational models show there exists some differences in terms of the overall efficiency and efficiency scores of four stages across three organizational patterns.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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