The relationship between young people׳s transit use and their perceptions of equity concepts in transit service provision

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

economics - willingness to pay, planning - surveys, planning - service quality, ridership - perceptions, ridership - young people, ridership - behaviour, place - europe


Public transport, Fairness, Spatial equity, Theory of planned behavior, Structural equation models


This study investigates the effect of price and travel mode fairness and spatial equity in transit provision on the perceived transit service quality, willingness to pay, and habitual frequency of use. Based on the theory of planned behavior, we developed a web-based questionnaire for revealed preferences data collection. The survey was administered among young people in Copenhagen and Lisbon to explore the transit perceptions and use under different economic and transit provision conditions. The survey yielded 499 questionnaires, analyzed by means of structural equation models. Results show that higher perceived fairness relates positively to higher perceived quality of transit service and higher perceived ease of paying for transit use. Higher perceived spatial equity in service provision is associated with higher perceived service quality. Higher perceived service quality relates to higher perceived ease of payment, which links to higher frequency of transit use.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


Transport Policy Home Page: