A dynamic station strategy to improve the performance of flex-route transit services

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

infrastructure - stop, infrastructure - station, economics - benefits, planning - route design, planning - service improvement, planning - travel demand management, ridership - demand


Public transit, Flex-route transit, Reliability, Uncertain demand, Dynamic station strategy


As an innovative combination of conventional fixed-route transit and demand responsive service, flex-route transit is currently the most popular type of flexible transit services. This paper proposes a dynamic station strategy to improve the performance of flex-route transit in operating environments with uncertain travel demand. In this strategy, accepted curb-to-curb stops are labeled as temporary stations, which can be utilized by rejected requests for their pick-up and drop-off. The user cost function is defined as the performance measure of transit systems. Analytical models and simulations are constructed to test the feasibility of implementing the dynamic station strategy in flex-route transit services. The study over a real-life flex-route service indicates that the proposed dynamic station strategy could reduce the user cost by up to 30% without any additional operating cost, when an unexpectedly high travel demand surpasses the designed service capacity of deviation services.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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