Positive and Negative Factors for Transit Oriented Development: Case Studies from Brisbane, Melbourne and Sydney

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - australasia, land use - transit oriented development, land use - planning, organisation - governance, economics - finance, infrastructure - station


TOD constraints, TOD governance, TOD site amalgamation, TOD delivery process, Australian inner cities


Development of Transit Oriented Development (TOD) precincts in the Australian context has been hindered by several obstacles. The main challenges to be addressed are land amalgamation issues around train stations and the lack of governance arrangements to facilitate the delivery of TODs. This article identifies the main factors contributing to the effective delivery of three Australian TODs. The article is based on the analysis of case studies in Brisbane, Melbourne and Sydney. Based on semi-directed interviews with urban stakeholders (planners at the council level and state level, and developers) for each case study and on the analysis of official planning documents, we analyse the governance arrangements, the planning frameworks and the financial mechanisms that have facilitated the delivery of the case study TODs. We also survey stakeholders to assess the general TOD delivery process and outcomes on different criteria, to better inform TOD policymaking. We find that large sites in single ownership and special state government measures to facilitate development approvals have been critical factors in TOD success.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Taylor&Francis, copyright remains with them.