Transit-oriented development, integration of land use and transport, and pedestrian accessibility: Combining node-place model with pedestrian shed ratio to evaluate and classify station areas in Lisbon


David S. Vale

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - europe, infrastructure - station, land use - transit oriented development, land use - planning, land use - impacts, planning - integration, mode - rail, mode - pedestrian, place - urban


Transit-oriented development, Node-place model, Walkability, Pedestrian connectivity, Lisbon


Transit-oriented development is being actively promoted as an urban design model for areas around transit stations. In addition, planning for accessibility is being promoted, which requires integrating land use with transportation planning, and to match the transportation features with the intensity and diversity of land use of the station areas. Nevertheless, and despite the evident similarities between the two approaches, an integrated evaluation tool of a station area in terms of its transportation, land use, and urban design features is missing. In this paper, we bring into the literature on integration of land use and transport a key feature of the transit-oriented development literature: the urban design features of the station areas, in particular their pedestrian friendliness. By complementing the node-place model with an evaluation of the pedestrian connectivity of station areas of Lisbon, we combine these two perspectives in order to evaluate and classify station areas in three different aspects: land use, transportation, and walkability conditions. Our results show that a balanced node-place is not necessarily a transit-oriented development, and vice versa, and so a complementary analysis of both is useful to identify and classify a station area. Therefore, we suggest a typology of station areas based on the three components, which might be used as a planning tool for the development of the station areas into balanced transit-oriented development areas.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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