Integrating Livability Principles into Transit Planning: Screening Chicago Bus Rapid Transit Opportunities

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - north america, mode - bus rapid transit, planning - travel demand management, planning - integration, planning - route design, planning - network design, land use - planning, land use - impacts, infrastructure - right of way


Bus Rapid Transit (BRT), Livability Principles, Transit connectivity, travel demand impacts


Pilot Chicago Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) routes proposed in 2008 were impractical to build, did not meet Institute for Transportation and Development Policy defined “gold standard” BRT, and were selected without considering the Livability Principles guiding investment by the U.S. government. Streets incompatible with BRT and not meeting basic constructability standards were eliminated. The remaining contiguous street sections were scored on the weighted performance of 14 quantitative proxies for the Livability Principles. Transit connectivity considerations further refined the pool to produce potential BRT routes. For discussion purposes, these routes were organized into a hypothetical BRT network to complement the existing rapid transit system; potential 2010 travel demand impacts were modeled. This study identified 10 potential BRT routes for further consideration. The integration of the Livability Principles into the study was promising but had limited impact because of the greater than anticipated influence of right-of-way width requirements.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by National Center for Transit Research, University of South Florida, copyright remains with them.