Placement of Rapid Transit Park-and-Ride Facilities

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

mode - park and ride, literature review - literature review, land use - impacts, land use - planning, economics - finance, ridership - demand, ridership - perceptions, planning - surveys


park-and-ride, land use compatibility, transit planners


This study assessed the state of the practice in figuring out the placement of new rapid transit park-and-ride facilities and whether the existing body of literature was still in harmony with today’s practice. The analysis was based on free-form interviews and a survey of transit professionals. The results revealed several emerging differences that had not been discussed in the literature. First, the cost of the park-and-ride facility was of critical importance to transit planners, as the pressure to deliver projects on budget was of the utmost importance. Second, the relationship between land use and park-and-ride demand as placement factors was one of the most important considerations of planners in the location of park-and-ride facilities. Contrary to the situation in larger metropolitan areas, land use compatibility may have superseded potential park-and-ride demand for determining park-and-ride facility locations in midtier cities, where light rail was most prevalent. Third, the survey indicated that individuals in a transit organization may have perceived the value of land use compatibility versus park-and-ride demand differently. Planners and engineers tended to prioritize land use over park-and-ride demand, in contrast to those in managerial positions. Finally, of the factors that transit planners considered when they located park-and-ride facilities, the analysis indicated that considerations aligned with convenience, such as highway access and adjacency to a congested highway, were more valued by transit planners than those that were aligned with economics, such as proximity to a residential area and relationship to primary activity centers. The reverse applied to larger cities.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Transportation Research Board, Washington, copyright remains with them.