Case Study of Transit–Bicycle Integration: Openbaar Vervoer-fiets (Public Transport–Bike) (OV-Fiets)

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - north america, place - europe, place - urban, mode - bike, mode - rail, ridership - behaviour, ridership - commuting


Openbaar Vervoer-fiets (Public Transport–Bike) (OV-fiets), bicycle–transit users, commuters


The Openbaar Vervoer-fiets (Public Transport–Bike) (OV-fiets) system was implemented to increase the number of train riders on the Dutch railway. The system offers commuters access to bicycles for travel from the train station to their final destination. The system has been very successful. The Nederlandse Spoorwegen (the main passenger railway operator in the Netherlands) found through internal analyses that train users were willing to trade a trip by vehicle for a train–OV-fiet trip and that there was an increase in bicycle–transit users. This study focused on the OV-fiets system as a case study and considered the implications of implementing a similar system in the United States.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Transportation Research Board, Washington, copyright remains with them.