Measuring Bus Stops Toward a Sustainable Urban Environment

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

mode - bus, land use - impacts, land use - planning, land use - transit oriented development, technology - geographic information systems, operations - performance, planning - integration, planning - safety/accidents, policy - sustainable, infrastructure - stop


bus stop measuring system, transit operation efficiency, transit–land use, sustainable urban environment


This paper describes how a bus stop measuring system can be developed not only to achieve transit operation efficiency but also to collaborate proactively with urban planners and traffic engineers on transit–land use interface activities. The measuring system was developed by identifying transit performance variants at the bus stop level with the use of a dynamic composite weighting factor approach on a geographic information system platform. A tier structure framework was used to categorize the composite scores of bus stops into six groups. Specific transit improvement actions were then tailored on the basis of their bus stop characteristics. Two project application examples are presented in this paper. One is a bus stop thinning project for speed improvement, and the other is for prioritizing capital project improvements. As various active transportation programs emerge to encourage local jurisdictions to plan transit connectivity with other community gathering places, this bus stop measuring approach presents a continued process to monitor their performance. It is also used to strengthen integration with other street improvement activities, including pedestrian paths and bikeways, to create a safe and sustainable urban environment.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Transportation Research Board, Washington, copyright remains with them.