Wayfinding in Public Transportation

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

mode - bus, mode - mass transit


Wayfinding, Travel time, Transit, Tel Aviv (Israel), Restructuring, Public transit, Orienteering, Mass transit, Local transit, Legibility, Journey time, Intracity bus transportation, Ease of use, Bus transit


The Israeli Ministry of Transport initiated a project to restructure the bus network in the Metropolitan Tel Aviv, Israel, area, as part of a program to improve transit patronage. In addition to examining improvements in travel times, the project addressed ways to make the bus network easier to use. A study identified system legibility as a barrier to use. To evaluate alternative networks, a team of transportation planners developed a set of measures to evaluate the legibility of a transit network. The measures are a synthesis of common principles for city planning, transportation planning, and cognitive processes of wayfinding. These measures allow public transportation planners to evaluate the inherent legibility of various public transportation networks before the addition of navigational aids, such as maps, diagrams, signs, and others.