Exploring Diversified Performance Indicators for Evaluating Non-Urbanized Transit Program Outcomes


Eunice V. Akoto

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - rural, place - north america, operations - performance, planning - personal safety/crime, policy - equity


non-urbanized transit systems, mobility, Safe, Accountable, Flexible and Efficient Transportation Equity Act—A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU)


Non-urbanized (rural) transit goals include the ability to use available government funds to provide adequate and efficient transportation services while increasing mobility and accessibility. However, outcomes of these goals cannot be examined exclusively with the “traditional” transit performance indicators that are more conducive to urban systems. This study explores diversified indicators—namely, efficiency, effectiveness, and mobility constructs for evaluating program outcomes of non-urbanized transit systems—using Mississippi’s Section 5311 program as the case. The study examined how Section 5311 providers met their program goals during the implementation of the Safe, Accountable, Flexible and Efficient Transportation Equity Act—A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU) using paired sample t-tests and time-series with linear trend analysis. The results suggest that mobility indicators better communicate positive outcomes of transit goals within the unique rural transit environment. Using service characteristics data as mobility indicators to supplement the traditional performance reporting may motivate continuous investment in non-urbanized transit programs at different levels government.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by the Journal of Public Transportation, copyright remains with them.