A bus route evaluation model based on GIS and super-efficient data envelopment analysis

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

mode - bus, place - asia, place - urban, technology - geographic information systems, technology - ticketing systems, planning - service quality


Bus line evaluation, geographical information systems (GIS), smart card data, global positioning system (GPS) data, super-efficient data envelopment analysis (DEA)


When compared to large cities in developed countries, the shares of public transportation in most Chinese cities are low. Increasing the competitiveness of urban public transportation remains an urgent problem. A capable evaluation method for public transportation is required to assist the development of urban transit systems. This paper focuses on the bus system. Being devoid of standard criteria, it is difficult to determine the efficiency of a transit system or any bus line using a single evaluation index. This paper proposes a comparative analysis to evaluate bus lines so as to filter out candidates for further optimization. From the viewpoints of transit planning, operation and quality of service, this paper establishes 10 subordinate evaluation indices and then uses geographical information system tools, global positioning system data and smart card data to assist the index definition and calculation. Super-efficient data envelopment analysis (DEA) method is adopted for the proposed single factor and comprehensive evaluation models. Finally, the bus system in Shenzhen, China is used as a case study. The comparable significant results validate the capability of the proposed model.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Taylor&Francis, copyright remains with them.