Optimizing station location and fleet composition for a high-speed rail line

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - europe, mode - rail, infrastructure - station, infrastructure - vehicle, economics - fare revenue, economics - benefits, planning - methods


High-speed rail, Station location, Fleet composition, Optimization modeling, Strategic decision making


This paper proposes a new strategic planning model for high-speed rail ventures. It is a mixed-integer optimization model that applies to a given line and focuses on two key strategic decisions: station location and fleet composition. Our purpose is to improve on previous station location models by including fleet composition decisions. In the new model, we additionally take into account in an approximate fashion the interrelationships between strategic and subsequent tactical decisions, regarding line planning, train scheduling and fleet assignment issues. The usefulness of the model is demonstrated for a case study involving a planned Lisbon-Oporto high-speed rail line.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


Transportation Research Part E Home Page: