Bicycle-based transit-oriented development as an alternative to overcome the criticisms of the conventional transit-oriented development

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - asia, mode - bike, land use - transit oriented development, land use - impacts, infrastructure - station, planning - surveys


Access mode of public transportation, B-TOD, spatial extent, station impact area, TOD


In order to improve the effectiveness of transit-oriented development (TOD), the integration of public transportation and bikes has been regarded as a good alternative because the catchment area of a station, that is, the spatial extent of TOD, can be increased. This paper suggests the concept of bicycle-based TOD (B-TOD) and estimates the spatial extent, considering the catchment area. For this, a trip survey was conducted among bicycle users who used bicycle and public transportation in Seoul metropolitan and Daejeon metropolitan areas in Korea. Regression and cumulative distribution models were used to estimate the spatial extent of B-TOD. The results show that the estimated access distances were 1.96 km and 2.13 km for origin (home)-to-station and station-to-work trips, respectively, and they can play a yardstick role in the TOD planning practices in Korea. In such cases, the catchment areas of B-TOD cover 73.7% and 93.6% of the whole area of Seoul, whereas conventional walking-only TOD can cover only 29.9% of the same. This implies that B-TOD can help to solve one of the key inherent weaknesses of the conventional TOD. Some limitations and recommendations for future research are also discussed.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Taylor&Francis, copyright remains with them.