Cross-Elasticities in Frequencies and Ridership for Urban Local Routes

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - north america, ridership - elasticity, planning - service level, place - urban, operations - frequency, mode - bus


Bus transit, scheduling, elasticity


Observational data from the Minneapolis-Saint Paul region’s Metro Transit were analyzed to determine the effects of service levels on ridership levels at different intervals. The research compares changes in service levels and ridership in several service intervals and includes elasticities and cross elasticities, or the influence that these service levels have on different service intervals’ ridership. These cross-elasticities were found to have little effect during the week; however, weekend ridership was found to be influenced by rush-hour and overnight frequencies.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by the Journal of Public Transportation, copyright remains with them.