Ridership estimation of a new LRT system: Direct demand model approach

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

mode - tram/light rail, place - europe, place - urban, planning - surveys, planning - travel demand management, ridership - mode choice, ridership - forecasting


Light rail transit, Direct demand model, Stated preference survey, Discriminant analysis


The successful introduction of LRT systems is inevitably related to the realistic estimation of their ridership; this is particularly true for cases of no prior experience in the use of such modes in the part of the traveling public. This paper presents a practical approach for developing a direct demand model, for the case of a planned LRT system in Cyprus connecting the three major cities of Nicosia, Larnaca and Limassol. The proposed approach is based on existing traffic demand data and limited roadside surveys. Results indicate that the introduction of the proposed LRT would attract a moderate number of 23,000 passengers daily and shift a small percentage of 3.5% of traffic to the system. It was also found that approximately 33% of these trips correspond to the urban section of the network, while about 62% of the estimated ridership will use the part of the system connecting Nicosia and Larnaca.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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