Integrated planning of park-and-ride facilities and transit service
mode - park and ride, ridership - behaviour, ridership - mode choice, land use - planning, planning - network design, planning - integration, operations - capacity, operations - frequency, ridership - commuting
Park and ride, Transit planning, Network design, Multimodal transportation network
This paper proposes an integrated planning framework to locate park-and-ride (P&R) facilities and optimize their capacities as well as transit service frequencies simultaneously. P&R users’ route choice behavior is explicitly considered, and a link-based multimodal user equilibrium model is established. The optimal location and capacity of P&R facilities and transit service design problem is formulated as a mathematical program with complementarity constraints (MPCC), and a solution algorithm based on the active-set approach is developed to solve the optimal design problem effectively. A numerical example is employed to demonstrate that the optimal design shifts commuters from the automobile mode to transit and P&R modes and, hence improves the net social benefit dramatically.
Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.
Song, Z., He, Y., & Zhang, L. (2017). Integrated planning of park-and-ride facilities and transit service. Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, Vol. 74, pp. Pages 182–195.