A Decade of Transit Oriented Development Policies in Brisbane, Australia: Development and Land-Use Impacts

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - australasia, mode - rail, technology - geographic information systems, land use - transit oriented development, land use - planning, land use - impacts


Transit Oriented Development, Brisbane, Australia, GIS analysis


Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) involves intense, mixed development around transit nodes. This article investigates the extent to which TOD policies have become reality in Brisbane, a city of two million in eastern Australia, which has embraced TOD at a policy level. It also aims to present a straightforward method which cities in Australia and internationally can employ to measure the outcomes of their TOD policies. Through GIS analysis, the authors measure the level of concentration of population, dwellings, and jobs in rail-based TOD nodes—as opposed to areas that are unserved by the train network. The results do not support the notion that Brisbane is a transit-oriented city. Nonetheless, there is a moderate trend toward the concentration of people and dwellings in TOD areas. The planning sector could accelerate this trend through policy measures.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Taylor&Francis, copyright remains with them.