Rolling stock rescheduling in passenger railway transportation using dead-heading trips and adjusted passenger demand

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

mode - rail, operations - scheduling, ridership - demand, place - europe


Rolling stock rescheduling, Disruption management, Dead-heading trips, Passenger flows, Adjusted passenger demand


In this paper we introduce dead-heading trips and adjusted passenger demand in the Rolling Stock Rescheduling Problem (RSRP). Unfortunately, disruptions disturb passenger railway transportation on a daily basis. Such a disruption causes infeasibilities in the timetable, rolling stock circulation, and crew schedule. We propose a Mixed-Integer Linear Programming model to tackle the RSRP. This formulation includes the possibility of using dead-heading trips (moving empty trains) during, and after, a disruption. Furthermore, passenger flows are included to handle the adjusted passenger demand after the occurrence of a disruption. Many rolling stock rescheduling models are unable to cope with changing passenger demand. In this paper we include passenger demand on a more accurate level in the RSRP. We have tested the model on different cases from Netherlands Railways. The results show that dead-heading trips are useful to reduce the number of cancelled trips and that adjusted passenger demand has a large influence on the rescheduled circulation.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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