Exploring built environment correlates of walking distance of transit egress in the Twin Cities

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

infrastructure - station, infrastructure - stop, land use - impacts, land use - planning, land use - transit oriented development, place - north america, place - urban, planning - surveys, ridership - behaviour


Station area planning, Land use, Pedestrian behavior, Transit planning, Transit-oriented development


Most studies on walking distance to transit stops either emphasize transit access or do not distinguish transit access and egress. Furthermore, environmental correlates of walking distance may differ by stop location. Using the 2010 Transit Onboard Survey in the Minneapolis and St. Paul Metropolitan Area, this study develops four models to compare the effects of the built environment around transit stops on walking distance of transit egress. Job density is negatively correlated with walking distance, consistent in all four models. Other built environment variables exhibit different impacts by stop location. Particularly, land use mix has positive impacts on walking distance for stops outside of downtown and suburban employment centers whereas job density is more important for suburban centers. Job accessibility and the number of intersections have significant effects on stops within downtown areas but have no significant impacts on stops outside of downtown areas. The number of transit stops has opposite impacts on walking distance for stops within and outside of downtown. Moreover, the built environment tends to have a larger impact on walking distance in downtown areas than non-downtown areas. We then discuss the implications for stop area land use planning and transit stop location choice.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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