“Waiting on the train”: The anticipatory (causal) effects of Crossrail in Ealing

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - europe, mode - rail, ridership - commuting, land use - impacts, economics - willingness to pay


Transport intervention, Willingness-to-pay, Spatial econometrics, Difference-in-difference model


This paper estimates the willingness-to-pay for anticipated journey-time savings introduced by the Crossrail intervention in the London Borough of Ealing. Given Crossrail remains under construction, we estimate how the anticipated benefit of Crossrail's announcement enters the house price determination process. Anticipated journey-time savings should enter the home-buyer's pricing equation because these benefits are speculatively internalised even before the service becomes operational. Using a experimental method that accounts for the possibility of a spatial autoregressive process in housing values, we test the hypotheses that the announcement of a new commuter rail service generated a location premium, and that house price appreciation reflected proximity to Crossrail terminals. Our evidence suggests home-buyers significantly valued proximity to planned Crossrail terminals following the post-announcement period.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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