Modelling the potential for cycling in access trips to bus, train and metro in Rio de Janeiro

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

infrastructure, land use - impacts, land use - planning, mode - bike, mode - bus, mode - rail, mode - subway/metro, place - south america, place - urban, policy - parking, ridership - perceptions


Public transport access trips, Potential for cycling, Barriers for cycling, Motivators for cycling, Developing countries, Binary logit model


Most studies that address the integration of cycling and public transport (PT) focus on developed countries and deal with multi-modal bicycle-train trips. Little is known about the integration of cycling and other main modes such as bus and metro, especially in developing countries, where entirely different socio-economic and trip making conditions prevail. The aim of this study is to model the propensity of current PT users to shift to the bicycle in access trips to bus stops, train and metro stations in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Interviews were conducted to collect data on the socio-economic characteristics of the interviewee, trip and spatial characteristics and self-reported barriers and motivators for bicycle use. Two binary logit models were estimated to predict the main factors affecting the propensity to use a bicycle as feeder mode to PT. The results show that socio-economic characteristics as well as barriers and motivators are important factors to explain propensity for bike and ride. The barriers’ model reveals that personal constraints, living too close to the PT boarding point, current parking conditions and public safety play a role. For the motivators’ model, changing home location, owning a bicycle, implementation of cycle ways and improvement in parking conditions are explanatory. Policy recommendations are formulated to increase bicycle ownership and improve cycling infrastructure.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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