PLANNING FOR THE FIRST LIGHT RAIL TRANSIT SYSTEM IN KOREA: JEONJU LIGHT RAIL TRANSIT PROJECT
land use - planning, mode - rail, mode - tram/light rail
Planning, Light rail transit, Jeonju (Korea), Implementation, Funding, Financing, Design
Pursuing a low-cost, yet modern, high-quality, medium-capacity transit system to improve their transit services, several Korean cities have opted for automated guided transit systems. Yet in 1999 the city of Jeonju decided to introduce a light rail transit (LRT) system not only to improve its transit services but also to improve living conditions, expand business activities, and increase livability. The initial study was performed in 1999, and the preliminary engineering study was completed in 2001. The project is now into the final design leading up to construction. The system consists of a network of two independent lines 24.92 km long with 46 stations and is planned to operate mainly on the street median with a separate right-of-way. The project will be financed and operated by the public sector according to the Public Investment Inducement Act. The first line is scheduled to open in 2008 and the second line in 2010. Numerous issues and elements should be considered for successful project implementation because Korea has no experience in building an LRT system. Although the project seems to be going well, opposition from local organizations has been encountered. The history of the Jeonju LRT system is presented. The system features are described, including network alignment, projected ridership, and financing. Major elements considered and issues encountered during the planning process are also discussed.
Shin, Y, Vuchic, V, Sin, P-S, Eun, C-G, (2004). PLANNING FOR THE FIRST LIGHT RAIL TRANSIT SYSTEM IN KOREA: JEONJU LIGHT RAIL TRANSIT PROJECT. Transportation Research Record, Vol. 1872, p. 46-55.