A typology of inter-organisational coordination in public transport: The case of timetable planning in Denmark

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - europe, operations - scheduling, operations - coordination, organisation - contracting


Public transport, Coordination, Timetable planning, Ownership, Instruction, Contracts, Partnership, Mutual understanding


State, regional, and municipal authorities, public transport authorities, and traffic operators at many levels are essential actors in public transport. This paper presents a typology of four coordination mechanisms relevant to interactions among public transport actors. These four mechanisms, i.e. ownership/instruction, contracts, partnerships, and mutual understanding, are all based on basic coordination mechanisms of markets, hierarchies, and networks. A case of timetable planning is examined, because inter-organisational coordination between actors is crucial in this field, and the usefulness of the typology is illustrated via three examples. The results stem from a Danish study of institutional constraints on timetable optimisation in inter-organisational relations. The empirical focus is eastern Denmark, including Greater Copenhagen.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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