The Impact of Various Streetcar Types on Passenger Activity and Running Times

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - north america, place - urban, mode - tram/light rail, infrastructure - vehicle, infrastructure - stop, operations - performance


Streetcar type, performance, stop design, door usage


Transit agencies that operate streetcars use vehicles of varied sizes and characteristics to accommodate demand and service requirements. While some studies have been conducted on the influence of different bus types on service operations, there is limited research on streetcar types. Therefore, this paper examines the impacts of three different types of streetcar operating in the City of Toronto on passenger service time and running time using statistical models. Field data was collected in July 2017 for three types of streetcars serving the busiest corridor in Toronto. Descriptive statistics and two linear regression models were employed to compare their performance. The analysis results support the use of low-floor vehicles with wider doors as well as larger number of doors. Results also indicate a negative impact of the current stop design on the usage of longer streetcars. This study offers transit agencies new insights into the effects of distinct types of streetcars on door usage, passenger service time, and travel time, which are important components of transit service efficiency and attractiveness.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by SAGE, copyright remains with them.