Quantification of Energy Saving Potential for A Passenger Train Based on Inter-Run Variability in Speed Trajectories

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

mode - rail, technology - emissions, technology - geographic information systems, planning - methods


portable measurement emission measurement system (PEMS), speed trajectories


Passenger train energy consumption is dependent on speed trajectories. The variability of passenger train energy consumption owing to the variability in speed trajectories can help identify ways to reduce train energy use via improved operations. Empirical fuel use data from a portable measurement emission measurement system (PEMS) and empirical speed trajectories measured using a global positioning system (GPS) receiver were used to verify and quantify real-world energy consumption variability and the variability in empirical speed trajectories, respectively. To identify potential realistic speed trajectories that can lead to energy saving (i.e., eco-driving), a Markov chain based speed trajectory simulator was used to simulate inter-run variability in speed trajectories. An energy index model (EIM) was used to compare energy consumption among different speed trajectories. The results show inter-run variability in fuel use associated with inter-run variability in the empirical speed trajectories. There is also inter-segment variability in fuel use related to the segment length and grade. The Markov chain based speed trajectory simulator can simulate realistic inter-run variability in speed trajectories based on calibration using empirical speed trajectories. The number of empirical speed trajectories used for simulator calibration affects the range of simulated inter-run variability. The EIM provides an accurate estimation of the empirical fuel use. Eco-driving, such as reducing the peak speed, can reduce energy consumption without compromising travel time. The methodology shown in this study is not system-specific and can be applied to other passenger train systems.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by SAGE, copyright remains with them.