A data-driven hybrid control framework to improve transit performance

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - asia, mode - bus, technology - intelligent transport systems, operations - performance


Data-driven hybrid control, Transit performance, Machine learning, Random forest model


This paper presents a data-driven hybrid control (DDHC) framework that can arrange adaptive control strategies for vehicles to effectively improve the transit performance of the public transport system. The framework depicts a powerful combination of a data-driven control method that is used to imitate the control behaviour of dispatchers and a mathematical optimization method. Three components comprise the DDHC framework: a data-driven control module, a performance module, and an optimization module. The data-driven control module contains a random forest model which is adopted to justify whether to intervene in the operation of a bus line, and if so, which vehicles should be controlled and what type of control strategy should be taken – an acceleration strategy or deceleration strategy. The performance module including vehicle operation state models is used to describe the system evolution. The last component optimizes the specific control actions – which type of acceleration or deceleration strategy should be adopted – by minimizing total passenger travel time. The effectiveness of the proposed DDHC framework is evaluated with the data of a transit route in Urumqi, China. The results show that the DDHC framework with reasonable parameters can suit the needs of real-time control in complex traffic environments.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


Transportation Research Part C Home Page: