A data-driven hybrid control framework to improve transit performance
place - asia, mode - bus, technology - intelligent transport systems, operations - performance
Data-driven hybrid control, Transit performance, Machine learning, Random forest model
This paper presents a data-driven hybrid control (DDHC) framework that can arrange adaptive control strategies for vehicles to effectively improve the transit performance of the public transport system. The framework depicts a powerful combination of a data-driven control method that is used to imitate the control behaviour of dispatchers and a mathematical optimization method. Three components comprise the DDHC framework: a data-driven control module, a performance module, and an optimization module. The data-driven control module contains a random forest model which is adopted to justify whether to intervene in the operation of a bus line, and if so, which vehicles should be controlled and what type of control strategy should be taken – an acceleration strategy or deceleration strategy. The performance module including vehicle operation state models is used to describe the system evolution. The last component optimizes the specific control actions – which type of acceleration or deceleration strategy should be adopted – by minimizing total passenger travel time. The effectiveness of the proposed DDHC framework is evaluated with the data of a transit route in Urumqi, China. The results show that the DDHC framework with reasonable parameters can suit the needs of real-time control in complex traffic environments.
Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.
Wang, W., Liu, J., Yao, B., Jiang, Y., Wang, Y., & Yu, B. (2019). A data-driven hybrid control framework to improve transit performance. Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, Vol. 107, pp. 387-410.