Models and a solution algorithm for planning transfer synchronization of bus timetables

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

mode - bus, operations - coordination, operations - scheduling, operations - frequency, ridership - demand, planning - methods


Bus timetabling, Passenger transfer, Transfer synchronization, Mixed-integer programming, Heuristic algorithm


Mixed-integer linear programming models and a heuristic algorithm are proposed for the transfer synchronization planning of bus timetables. The most important novelty of the proposed methodology is that the bus timetables and passenger choices of travel paths are simultaneously optimized in the model. The possibilities of transfer synchronization are fully explored in the timetable optimization because passengers select their paths to the destination in response to the timetables. Hence, bus timetables can be planned with high precision, and bus timetabling can be improved.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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